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Suffering from digestive issues? GEM Hospital's expert Medical Gastroenterology team is here to help.

What is Medical Gastroenterology?

Medical gastroenterology focuses on diagnosing and treating disorders of the digestive system, including the esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, and pancreas. It uses procedures like endoscopies and medications to manage conditions like heartburn, ulcers, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Gastrointestinal problems

Gastrointestinal problems can significantly impact your quality of life, causing discomfort, pain, and frustration. At GEM Hospital, we understand your concerns and are committed to providing comprehensive and compassionate care for all your digestive health needs.

Our team of highly skilled and experienced Medical Gastroenterologists is at the forefront of diagnosis and treatment for various digestive disorders, including:

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis

  • Peptic Ulcers

  • Gallbladder and Bile Duct Disease

  • Hepatitis

  • Pancreatitis

  • Colorectal Cancer

  • Nutritional Deficiencies

We offer a wide range of diagnostic and treatment services, including:

  • Advanced Endoscopy: Colonoscopies, esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs), capsule endoscopy, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)

  • Liver Function Tests and Imaging

  • Breath Tests for Bacterial Overgrowth and Lactose Intolerance

  • Stool Tests

  • Nutritional Counseling

  • Medical Management of Digestive Disorders

What sets us apart?

  • Patient-Centered Approach: We believe in treating you as an individual, understanding your unique needs and tailoring our treatment plans accordingly.

  • Comprehensive Care: We offer a full spectrum of services, from diagnosis to treatment and follow-up care, all under one roof.

  • Advanced Technology: We utilize the latest technology and equipment to provide the most accurate diagnoses and effective treatments.

  • Expert Team: Our team of dedicated and compassionate Medical Gastroenterologists is committed to providing the highest quality of care.

Common GI Symptoms:

Heartburn and Acid Reflux:

  • Burning sensation in your chest or throat

  • Feeling like food is coming back up your throat

  • Difficulty swallowing

  • Sour taste in your mouth

  • Chest pain

GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) is a chronic condition where stomach acid flows back up into your esophagus, causing these symptoms.

Indigestion and Dyspepsia:

  • Feeling full and bloated after eating

  • Stomach pain and discomfort

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Belching and flatulence

Indigestion is a general term for discomfort in the upper abdomen, while Dyspepsia is a specific diagnosis for recurrent indigestion symptoms.

Nausea and Vomiting:

  • Feeling sick to your stomach

  • Vomiting or throwing up

  • Loss of appetite

Nausea and vomiting can occur due to various factors, including food poisoning, motion sickness, pregnancy, and some medications.

Abdominal Pain and Cramping:

  • Dull or sharp pain in the stomach or intestines

  • Cramping and spasms

  • Bloating and distention

Abdominal pain can be a symptom of several GI disorders, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), and pancreatitis.


  • Frequent loose stools

  • Urgency to defecate

  • Dehydration

  • Abdominal cramps

Diarrhea is caused by various factors, such as infections, food allergies, and certain medications.


  • Difficulty passing stools

  • Straining during bowel movements

  • Feeling incompletely emptied

  • Stools that are hard and dry

Constipation can occur due to various factors, including dietary changes, lack of exercise, and certain medications.

Best Treatment for GERD

GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a chronic condition characterized by the frequent backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus. This can cause a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn), as well as other uncomfortable symptoms.

Symptoms of GERD can include:

  • Heartburn: Burning pain in the chest or upper abdomen, usually after eating or lying down.

  • Regurgitation: Acidic or sour taste in the mouth due to stomach contents rising back up into the esophagus.

  • Dysphagia: Difficulty swallowing.

  • Chest pain: Tightness or pressure in the chest, often mistaken for a heart attack.

  • Nausea and vomiting.

  • Coughing and wheezing.

  • Sore throat and hoarseness

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to see a doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

GERD can be effectively managed through a combination of:

Lifestyle changes:

  • Diet: Avoiding trigger foods like spicy, fatty, and acidic foods, as well as caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated beverages.

  • Eating habits: Smaller, more frequent meals instead of large ones. Eating slowly and thoroughly.

  • Weight loss: If overweight or obese, losing weight can significantly improve GERD symptoms.

  • Smoking cessation: Smoking relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, worsening acid reflux.

  • Sleeping habits: Elevating the head of the bed by 6-8 inches. Avoiding eating within 3 hours of bedtime.


  • Antacids: Over-the-counter medications that neutralize stomach acid.

  • H-2 blockers: Prescription medications that reduce stomach acid production.

  • Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs): The most effective medication for GERD, they suppress acid production for an extended period.


    Fundoplication: A surgical procedure that tightens the lower esophageal sphincter to prevent acid reflux.

    The best treatment for GERD depends on the severity of your symptoms and your individual needs.

What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder affecting the digestive system, characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. While it's not life-threatening, IBS can significantly impact your quality of life.

Different Types of IBS

There are three main types of IBS, categorized by the predominant bowel habit:

  • IBS-D: Characterized by frequent diarrhea and loose stools.

  • IBS-C: Characterized by constipation and infrequent, hard stools.

  • IBS-M: Characterized by alternating episodes of diarrhea and constipation.

Common Symptoms and Triggers

Common symptoms of IBS include:

  • Abdominal pain and cramping

  • Bloating and gas

  • Diarrhea or constipation

  • Mucus in stool

  • Urgent need to have a bowel movement

  • Feeling like you haven't fully emptied your bowels

Symptoms can be triggered by:

  • Certain foods and drinks, such as spicy foods, dairy products, and caffeine

  • Stress and anxiety

  • Hormonal changes

  • Lack of sleep

  • Travel

Diagnosis and Treatment

There is no single test to diagnose IBS. Doctors usually diagnose IBS based on your symptoms and medical history. They may also order tests to rule out other conditions.

Treatment for IBS focuses on managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include:

  • Dietary changes: Avoiding trigger foods and eating a healthy diet can significantly improve symptoms.

  • Stress management: Techniques like relaxation therapy and yoga can help reduce stress and improve gut health.

  • Medication: Medications like antidiarrheal medications, laxatives, and antidepressants can help manage specific symptoms.

  • Psychotherapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help you cope with stress and anxiety, which can aggravate IBS symptoms.

Take Control of Your IBS!

Living with IBS can be challenging, but you don't have to suffer alone. At GEM Hospital, our experienced medical gastroenterologists are dedicated to helping you manage your IBS and reclaim your gut health. Book an appointment today to discuss your personalized treatment plan. Together, we can help you achieve greater comfort and control over your IBS.

Don't let IBS control your life. Take action and reclaim your gut health with the help of GEM Hospital's expert medical gastroenterologists.

Chronic Stomach Pain? Find the Cause and Get Relief

Living with chronic stomach pain can be debilitating and frustrating. While the cause can vary greatly, finding the root issue is crucial for getting effective treatment and achieving relief.

Chronic stomach pain, defined as pain lasting longer than three months, can significantly impact your quality of life. The discomfort can range from dull and aching to sharp and stabbing, and it may come and go or be constant. Understanding the potential causes and how to differentiate between types of pain can guide you towards seeking the right medical attention

Common Causes of Chronic Stomach Pain

  • Ulcers: These are sores that develop on the lining of the stomach or duodenum (upper part of the small intestine). They can cause a burning or gnawing pain in the upper abdomen, often worse on an empty stomach.

  • Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining can cause pain, nausea, vomiting, and bloating. It can be caused by various factors, including H. pylori infection, overuse of pain relievers, and alcohol consumption.

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): This includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, which are chronic conditions causing inflammation in the digestive tract. Symptoms can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stools, and weight loss.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): This condition occurs when stomach acid flows back up into the esophagus, causing heartburn, chest pain, and sometimes stomach pain.

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): This is a functional disorder affecting the colon, causing cramping, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. While not always painful, IBS can contribute to chronic stomach discomfort.

Differentiating Between Stomach Pain:

The location and characteristics of your pain can offer valuable clues to its underlying cause. Here's a brief guide:

  • Upper abdominal pain: This is often associated with ulcers, gastritis, and GERD. It may be accompanied by burning, gnawing, or indigestion-like symptoms.

  • Lower abdominal pain: This could indicate IBS, constipation, or inflammation of the bowels. Pain may be crampy, accompanied by changes in bowel habits.

  • Pain radiating to other areas: For example, pain radiating to the back or shoulder blade may be associated with pancreatitis.

Tracking and Recording Symptoms:

Keeping a detailed record of your symptoms can be incredibly helpful for diagnosing the cause of your chronic stomach pain. This should include:

  • Location and intensity of pain

  • Frequency and duration of pain episodes

  • Any associated symptoms

  • Triggering factors, if any

  • Diet and medications

Schedule an Appointment with GEM Hospital's Gastroenterology Specialists:

If you are experiencing chronic stomach pain, it is crucial to seek professional medical advice. At GEM Hospital, our team of highly skilled gastroenterologists are experts in diagnosing and treating a wide range of digestive disorders. We offer comprehensive diagnostic services and personalized treatment plans to help you find relief and manage your condition.

Don't wait to address your chronic stomach pain. Schedule an appointment with our specialists today and take the first step towards a healthier and pain-free life.

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Medical Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases and disorders of the digestive system, which includes the esophagus, stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas, and gallbladder.
Gastroenterologists treat conditions such as acid reflux, peptic ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis, pancreatitis, gallstones, and gastrointestinal cancers.
Common symptoms include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, rectal bleeding, and unexplained weight loss.
Diagnosis involves a combination of patient history, physical examination, laboratory tests, imaging studies (such as ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI), and endoscopic procedures (such as colonoscopy and gastroscopy).
Treatments vary based on the specific condition and can include lifestyle changes, medications (such as antacids, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory drugs), dietary modifications, endoscopic procedures, and surgery in more severe cases.