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Treatments for Upper Gastrointestinal Problems

GEM Hospital offers a comprehensive range of treatments for upper gastrointestinal problems, including advanced endoscopic procedures, minimally invasive surgeries, and specialized care for optimal digestive health and recovery.

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What is Gastrointestinal Surgery?

Gastrointestinal surgery involves medical procedures to treat conditions affecting the digestive tract, including the esophagus, stomach, gallbladder, pancreas, and intestines. It addresses issues such as GERD, hernias, peptic ulcers, gallstones, pancreatitis, and certain cancers. These surgeries can be performed using minimally invasive techniques for quicker recovery and fewer complications.

Conditions Treated by Gastrointestinal Surgery

  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): When stomach acid backs up into the esophagus.

  • Hiatal Hernias: When part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity.

  • Peptic Ulcers: Open sores in the stomach or small intestine.

  • Gallstones: Hardened deposits in the gallbladder causing pain and inflammation.

  • Pancreatitis: Inflammation of the pancreas.

  • Certain types of cancers: In the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.

Types of Gastrointestinal Surgery

Anti-Reflux Surgery:

  • Nissen Fundoplication: Repairs a weak lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to prevent GERD.

  • LINX Reflux Management System: A ring of magnetic beads around the esophagus to prevent reflux.

Hernia Repair:

  • Hiatal Hernia Repair: Secures the stomach back in its proper position.

  • Inguinal Hernia Repair: Fixes a protrusion of abdominal tissue through a weak spot in the groin.

Bariatric Surgery:

  • Gastric Bypass: Creates a smaller stomach pouch to promote weight loss.

  • Sleeve Gastrectomy: Removes a portion of the stomach to reduce food intake.

Esophageal Surgery:

  • Fundoplication for Achalasia: Strengthens the LES to address achalasia.

  • Esophagectomy: Removes part or all of the esophagus due to cancer or severe strictures.

Additional Procedures:

  • Cholecystectomy (Gallbladder Removal): Removes the gallbladder to address gallstones.

  • Pancreatic Surgery: Addresses tumors, pancreatitis, or blockages.

Causes of Upper Gastrointestinal Issues

Dietary Demons:

  • Spicy foods and acidic delights can irritate the esophagus and stomach.

  • High-fat foods can slow digestion.

  • Coffee and carbonation can relax the esophageal sphincter, causing acid reflux.

Lifestyle Lapses:

  • Smoking and stress disrupt digestive processes.

  • Inadequate sleep impacts the gut microbiome.

  • Physical inactivity contributes to constipation and bloating.

Medical Maladies:

  • GERD occurs when stomach acid frequently backflows into the esophagus.

  • Hiatal hernia arises when part of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm.

  • Peptic ulcers are open sores in the stomach or duodenum lining.

Unseen Intruders:

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori): Contributes to ulcers and gastritis.

  • Viral or bacterial infections can cause temporary digestive upset.

Symptoms of Upper Gastrointestinal Problems

  • Heartburn: A burning sensation behind your breastbone, often worsening after eating or lying down, indicating acid reflux.

  • Indigestion: A gnawing or burning ache in your upper abdomen, often accompanied by bloating, gas, and burping, signaling digestive distress.

  • Nausea and Vomiting: Persistent nausea, especially if accompanied by blood, is a serious red flag requiring immediate medical attention.

  • Difficulty Swallowing: Experiencing food getting stuck in your throat or chest, which could indicate esophageal issues such as achalasia or strictures.

  • Abdominal Pain: Persistent upper abdominal pain, especially around the navel, which could suggest gastritis, ulcers, or gallstones.

  • Changes in Bowel Habits: Notable alterations in stool consistency, including constipation, diarrhea, or the presence of blood in the stool, which can be warning signs of various upper gastrointestinal conditions.

Treatments for Upper Gastrointestinal Problems

GEM Hospital offers a comprehensive range of treatments for upper gastrointestinal problems, including advanced endoscopic procedures, minimally invasive surgeries, and specialized care for optimal digestive health and recovery.

Endoscopic Procedures:

  • Upper Endoscopy: Allows doctors to examine the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum, and perform treatments such as biopsy or polyp removal.

  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): Used to diagnose and treat problems in the bile ducts and pancreatic duct.

Surgical Treatments:

  • Anti-Reflux Surgery: Procedures like Nissen Fundoplication or LINX Reflux Management System to strengthen the lower esophageal sphincter and prevent acid reflux.

  • Hernia Repair: Surgical correction of hiatal or inguinal hernias to reposition the stomach and repair the diaphragm.

  • Bariatric Surgery: Gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy to promote weight loss and alleviate related gastrointestinal issues.

  • Esophageal Surgery: Fundoplication for achalasia and esophagectomy for severe conditions or cancers.

  • Cholecystectomy: Removal of the gallbladder to treat gallstones and related pain.

  • Pancreatic Surgery: Various procedures to address pancreatitis, tumors, or blockages.

Book an appointment at GEM Hospital to address your upper gastrointestinal issues and embark on a journey to optimal digestive health. Our team of experienced surgeons is dedicated to providing the best gastrointestinal surgery care to ensure your well-being and recovery.

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Gastrointestinal (GI) Surgery refers to surgical procedures performed on the digestive system, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine (colon), rectum, and anus. These surgeries are performed to treat various conditions such as cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, hernias, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Conditions that may require GI surgery include colorectal cancer, gallstones, appendicitis, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and hiatal hernias.
Preparation includes consultations with your surgeon, pre-operative tests (such as blood tests and imaging), bowel preparation if necessary, fasting before surgery, and possibly adjusting current medications. Your healthcare team will provide specific instructions based on your procedure.
Recovery involves a hospital stay where you'll be monitored closely, followed by a period of rest and gradually returning to normal activities. Pain management, dietary changes, and follow-up appointments are essential parts of the recovery process. The duration of recovery varies depending on the type and complexity of the surgery.
Risks include infection, bleeding, blood clots, leakage from surgical connections, bowel obstruction, and complications related to anesthesia. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you and take precautions to minimize them based on your health status and the type of surgery.