The principle of this surgery is to confine the intake of food and drink and to limit the absorption of the food in the intestine. This reduction of nutrients and calorie absorption enables the patient to lose weight. In this modern medical era, some teens and adults are potential patients for bariatric surgery.
Laparoscopic Bariatric surgery (weight-loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with an implanted medical device (gastric banding) or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery).
In the trail conducted by Swedish prospective, patients with (BMI) 34 or more for men and 38 or more for women underwent various types of bariatric surgery and were followed for an average of 11 years. Surgery patients had a 23.7% reduction in mortality (5.0% vs. 6.3% control).
A study done at Gem Hospital on the effects of Sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass showed a three-fold improvement in the quality of life of patients following the procedure. Similar trends have been shown by different studies across the continents.
One more recent study done at GEM hospital on impact of bariatric surgery on female reproductive health showed significant improvement in menstrual abnormalities associated with PCOD and primary infertility. The other benefits that have been noted include improvement in diabetes, hypertension, fatty liver disease, disease, sleep apnea etc.
The medical practice normally suggests that the teens and adults who have undergone this laparoscopy weight loss surgery have shown improvements in their health by reduction of weight to some level. The patient who has taken this surgery has to be prepared for the changes in their lifestyle that too specifically in food habits. There are some significant benefits for the patients after the surgery that is, reduction of weight, maintaining unhealthy cholesterol levels without crossing the limit, pain reduction in knee and hip, etc, thus resulting the patients to move freely and be physically active to take part in their normal chores of life.
Hence, bariatric surgery using laparoscopy technique from gem hospital not only helps in increasing the overall survival, but the overall quality of life of an individual.